#227: Judo (category: martial art)
Judo is a martial art and an Olympic sport. It was originally developed by Jigoro Kano, who founded the Kodokan Institute in 1882. The word "ju" in "Judo" is "supple" in English and "do" is "style", respectively. So, "Judo" literally means "supple style".
Jigoro Kano also invented Dan, a ranking system. In Judo, beginners first wear white belts named Shiro Obi (refer to #226), and athletes who have obtained high-class Dan are allowed to wear black belts named Kuro Obi.
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